Laser facial treatments: a complete overview

Laser cosmetology is one of the most popular areas in the field of hardware face care. What is laser skin rejuvenation? What procedures exist and what types of lasers are used in cosmetology? How to properly care for your skin after using a laser? Let's break down all the details.

Features of laser cosmetology

First of all, let's find out what laser facial rejuvenation is and how it differs from other types of cosmetic interventions. As can be guessed from the name, a distinctive feature of the entire group of procedures is the use of a laser - a device that acts on the skin with the thinnest and most strictly directed beam of light.

The cosmetic lasers used to rejuvenate the skin of the face can have different power, wavelength of light, frequency of pulses and depth of penetration into the tissues. . . However, the principle of action is the same for them: the laser heats up and vaporizes certain skin layers, thus triggering deep processes of renewal and restoration of the skin.

Laser rejuvenation can be called an effective alternative to plastic surgery. Laser treatments at the cellular level activate the skin's regeneration processes and contribute to an overall firming and rejuvenating effect, without requiring surgery and allowing for the most natural result.

Indications for laser rejuvenation

indications for laser rejuvenation

Laser facial cosmetology is suitable for solving a wide range of problems:

  • pronounced signs of skin aging: loss of tone, flaccidity, looseness, the appearance of wrinkles and age spots;
  • relief of uneven skin: presence of scars, scars, acne marks;
  • slight sagging of the tissues (moderate ptosis) and blurred contour of the face;
  • skin imperfections: dilated pores, vascular networks, mimic wrinkles.

At the same time, there are not so many contraindications for laser procedures:

  • chronic diseases, especially in the stage of exacerbation (it is better to find out the exact list from a beautician when choosing a specific procedure);
  • pregnancy and breastfeeding;
  • inflammatory and / or infectious processes in the intended treatment areas (including acne in the acute stage);
  • increased tendency of the skin to scar (consult a beautician).

Types of lasers in cosmetology

There are several types of laser classification: depending on the wavelength, the radiation spectrum, the method of operation and other parameters. In order not to get confused in the terminology, let's just look at the most popular types of lasers used in cosmetology.

Erbium laser

The erbium laser has a short wavelength of light and is used for so-called "cold" laser treatments. It has a rather gentle effect on the skin, working in the upper layers of the epidermis. In cosmetology, the use of an erbium laser is considered the least traumatic for the skin and practically does not carry the risk of burns.

Carbon dioxide laser

Carbon dioxide laser (carboxylic, CO2 laser) has a much longer wavelength than erbium, it is used in cosmetology to trigger the synthesis of collagen and elastin in the deep layers of the skin. At the same time, it is important to understand that more laser resurfacing using a co2 laser implies a longer recovery period and requires special skills on the part of the specialist performing the procedure.

Neodymium laser

Neodymium laser is also used in cosmetology to deeply target the skin of the face. It is suitable not only for anti-aging procedures, but also for removing scars, scars, vascular networks, tattoos and permanent makeup. Procedures that use it can be mildly painful for people with a low threshold for pain sensitivity.

Ablation in cosmetology

ablative laser for skin rejuvenation

We have decided to include this complex section to briefly introduce you to laser skin exposure methods. Knowing these terms will help you better understand your beautician's advice and make an informed choice about the type of procedure.

Non-ablative rejuvenation

The non-ablative method is a slight warming of the tissues, which does not involve injury to the skin surface. It is used to combat minor signs of aging, surface pigmentation and facial skin fatigue. Its advantages include a fairly quick recovery, to the conditional disadvantages - a cumulative effect and the need to carry out a course of procedures.

Ablative rejuvenation

The ablative method involves a continuous uniform effect of high temperatures on the skin surface (the same "evaporation of the layers"), which affects both the epidermis and the layers of the dermis. It is used to correct pronounced signs of aging, smooth wrinkles, stretch marks and scars, eliminate hyperpigmentation, combat looseness and sagging skin. Such a "laser facelift" requires a rather serious recovery period, but can give an effect comparable to the results of plastic surgery.

Fractional rejuvenation

The fractional effect of a laser involves the spread of the laser beam in a large number of microbeams. This allows you to treat not the entire skin area as a whole, but small micro-areas, which is a softer and more atraumatic effect on the skin. Today it is fractional rejuvenation that is considered the "gold standard" in cosmetology. Unlike classic ablation, it does not require such a long rehabilitation period and rarely leads to itchy scabs.

4 popular laser facial treatments

What is laser face resurfacing? How does it differ from laser peeling? Why is laser photorejuvenation necessary and when is biorevitalization performed with a laser? We will tell you about the most popular laser procedures.

Laser face peeling

Classic laser peeling is superficial: it affects only the upper layers of the epidermis. It is recommended for mild age-related changes, to correct hyperpigmentation and freckles, to generally level skin tone and provide relief. It helps eliminate skin dullness and primary loss of elasticity and is not usually used to combat pronounced signs of skin aging.

Facial laser resurfacing

In fact, facial skin resurfacing is the same as laser peeling, only of a deep impact level. If during the classic peeling the work is carried out with the upper layers of the skin, laser resurfacing of the facial skin also affects the deep dermal structures, affecting the basic elastin-collagen structure.

Laser resurfacing is used to remove small scars and scars, combat pronounced age-related changes (deep wrinkles and skin folds), eliminate moderate ptosis, correct facial relief and tone, remove vascular network and shrink pores.

Laser biorevitalization

Laser biorevitalization is one of the most effective ways to saturate the skin with hyaluronic acid using laser radiation. During the procedure, a special gel with hyaluronic acid is applied to the skin. Under the influence of a laser beam, its fractions penetrate deep into the layers of the dermis, providing an intense saturation of the skin with moisture and stimulating the synthesis of its own collagen and elastin by the skin.

Laser photorejuvenation

Photorejuvenation is the treatment of the skin with a laser apparatus with short bursts of high intensity radiation. Laser photorejuvenation is a non-ablative procedure and is suitable for treating initial or moderate changes in skin conditions. It is also indicated for deep cleansing of the skin and the fight against thin vascular networks.

Rehabilitation after laser procedures: an overview of funds

Antioxidant serum

What is included:

  • 15% L-ascorbic acid (vitamin C);
  • 1% α-tocopherol (vitamin E);
  • 0. 5% ferulic acid.

How is it used for laser procedures?:

In the preparation phase, the use of an antioxidant serum helps to strengthen the protective properties of the skin, to prevent the negative effects of free radicals on it and to prepare the skin for the action of the laser.

Immediately after the procedure, thanks to the action of laser radiation, the active penetration of vitamin C into the skin cells and the complex work of all components of the serum begins. This helps reduce possible side effects, reduces the rate of unwanted skin reactions and reduces post-procedure inflammation.

In home care, it helps to shorten the recovery period and permanently consolidate the results of laser procedures. The action of the serum further reduces hyperpigmentation and improves skin texture. Furthermore, the serum enhances the synthesis of the main structural proteins of the skin, prolonging the effect of the laser action.

Corrective cream

What's inside:

  • 2% ceramides I and III;
  • 4% cholesterol;
  • 2% ω-3 and ω-6 fatty acids.

How is it used for laser procedures?:

After the procedure, a lipid replenishing corrective cream is used in combination with a serum. It helps restore the skin's hydrolipidic balance, reduce moisture loss and help restore skin firmness and elasticity.

Soothing Moisturizing Serum

What is included:

  • hyaluronic acid;
  • thyme leaf extract;
  • olive leaf extract.

How it is used for laser procedures:

After the procedures and in home care, a soothing moisturizing serum is used to reduce possible skin reactions (redness, inflammation) to laser treatment. Powerful plant extracts help accelerate skin regeneration and strengthen its protective barrier. The gel serum helps to soothe laser-damaged skin and consolidate treatment results.

It is used immediately after non-ablative and fractional hardware techniques. After the ablative techniques, they begin to apply it on the face 5-7 days after the procedure.

Solar fluid

What is included:

  • 100% mineral filters;
  • titanium dioxide;
  • Artemia salina (plankton extract).

How it is used for laser procedures:

Exposure to the laser makes the skin extremely sensitive to sunlight (a phenomenon called photosensitivity). That is why it is not recommended to carry out laser procedures in the summer. However, in other seasons it is very important to protect the skin from the negative effects of ultraviolet rays.

Using a sunscreen fluid after treatments and at home will help protect photosensitive skin from the harmful effects of UVA and UVB rays and the signs of photoaging. The fluid can be used under makeup, gives the skin a pleasant matte finish and helps to even out the complexion.

Our article was dedicated to laser cosmetology: what it is for, what goals and objectives it solves, what effect it has on the skin of the face. We hope that a detailed review helped you understand this topic and find the most interesting procedures for you!